Dickens was born on a Friday in the city of Moure (county of Hampshire, England), son of John Dickens, official squander the Navy, and his wife Elizabeth Barrow. When did five years, the family moved to Chatham, in the county of Kent. It would describe yourself later, as a child not particularly well mimada. Ensinado by his mother, spent much of his time to read infindavélmente - and, with particular devotion picarescas the novels of Henry Fielding and Tobias Smollett. Among the books of their childhood they were also works of Daniel Defoe, Goldsmith and the "Don Quixote", "Gil Blas" and "The Thousand and one nights". His photographic memory serve later, to design their fictional characters and plot, based on the very people and events that have marked his life.
His family was remedied in economic terms, which allowed him to attend a private school for three years. The situation worsened, however, when his father was imprisoned for debt, after spending the resources of the family in afã to maintain a shaky social position. With ten years of age, the family moved to the popular neighborhood of Camden Town in London, where cheap rooms occupied, and to meet the expenses, committed the silver cutlery and sold the library family that had made the delight of the young guy. With twelve years, Dickens had already considered the age required to work in Warren's company which produced grease for shoes with bitumen, near the current railway station, Charing Cross. His job was to paste labels on bottles of grease, earning, hence, six shillings per week. With the money, claimed the family, incarcerated in prison for debtors, in [moure] where they would sleep. Some years later, the family's financial situation improved considerably, thanks to an inheritance received by his father. His family left the prison, but the mother did not immediately withdrew from the factory, which belonged to a friend. Dickens never perdoaria the mother for this injustice. The issue of poor working conditions of working class English would become later, one of the most applicants of their work.